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ERIC Number: ED481665
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Aug
Pages: 131
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Ethnic Differences in the Self-Esteem/Academic Achievement Relationship: A Meta-Analysis.
Wickline, Virginia B.
Four aspects related to self-esteem and academic achievement were addressed in the review. The first goal was to address methodological considerations of self-esteem measurement. Support for some self-esteem measures, as well as caveats and directions for future research, were indicated. The second goal was to determine whether a relationship between self-esteem and achievement is supported; a small, positive relationship was found across studies. The third aspect was to evaluate two groups of theories in regard to possible American ethnic group differences in the self-esteem/achievement relationship. Traditional self-esteem theories propose no systematic differences in the relationship for various people groups. However, ethnic difference theories such as cultural inversion, cool pose, and stereotype threat-disidentification support that Black Americans may show a weaker relationship than White Americans. A meta-analysis showed support for ethnic difference theories, especially for older Black males. Articles qualitatively show greatest support for cool pose and stereotype threat-disidentification theory. The fourth aspect considered whether direction of causality in the self-esteem/achievement relationship could be inferred. Qualitative review found the most support for a reciprocal effects model. Implications of the current findings are discussed for psychologists and educators alike, and steps for future research and practice are provided for consideration. (Contains 239 references, 11 tables, and 5 figures.) (Author)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A