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ERIC Number: ED481636
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Legislation of Migrancy: Migrant Education in Our Courts and Government.
Pappamihiel, Eleni
Until the 1960s, the special needs of migrant students were seldom considered in the formulation of educational policy. Since that time, migrant parents and other concerned parties have sought redress in the court system, and Congress has passed legislation to provide support for migrant education. This chapter describes major pieces of federal legislation and several court cases that have shaped migrant education. First passed in 1965 and reauthorized many times since, the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) provides the framework for state-run migrant education programs to receive federal funds. Reauthorizations of ESEA, such as the No Child Left Behind Act, outline eligibility requirements for student participation; facilitate interstate cooperation, particularly with regard to the transfer of student records; and mandate accountability procedures and certain actions by schools, such as establishment of parent advisory councils. Important court cases include Valdes v. Grover, a Wisconsin case that reinforced the participation of significant numbers of migrant parents in their children's education; Zavala v. Contreras, a Texas case about school district cut-off dates that prevented migrant students from participating in an extended-day program to make up missed work; and Lau v. Nichols, a U.S. Supreme court ruling requiring schools to meet the special educational needs of English language learners. The Equal Educational Opportunity Act of 1974 reinforced this decision. The impact of the Bilingual Education Act of 1968 on migrant education is also discussed. (SV)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Bilingual Education Act 1968; Elementary and Secondary Education Act