ERIC Number: ED481554
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Jul-10
When the Americans with Disabilities Act Goes Online: Application of the ADA to the Internet and the Worldwide Web. Position Paper.
National Council on Disability, Washington, DC.
This paper addresses the issue of how the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) applies to commercial and other private sector Web sites. Beginning with a brief discussion of the role electronic communication plays in our lives, the paper then considers the placement of the ADA in the context of current technology and of computer usage in the country. The paper next analyzes the legal background to the ADA and Internet access issues, pointing out authorities and scholarship on both sides of the question. The paper goes on to identify the narrow legal issues, bearing most upon the definition of the word "place" in Title III of the ADA. It analyzes the meaning and application of this term, in light of the ADA's legislative history, its plain meaning, and court decisions applying this term in nontechnology-based settings. The paper concludes that the law does clearly contemplate the coverage of the Internet by Title III of the ADA. Finally, the paper explains the practical and economic arguments that should guide those implementing the law, suggesting strategies by which the accessibility principle can be broadly implemented without disruption and with benefit to consumers and businesses alike. (Contains 87 references.) (DB)
Descriptors: Access to Computers, Accessibility (for Disabled), Adults, Children, Civil Rights Legislation, Court Litigation, Disabilities, Federal Legislation, Internet, Legal Problems, Technological Advancement, World Wide Web
National Council on Disability, 1331 F St., NW, Suite 1050, Washington, DC 20004-1107. Tel: 202-272-2004; TTY: 202-272-2074; Fax: 202-272-2022; Web site: http://www.ncd.gov. For full text: http://www.ncd.gov/newsroom/publications/pdf/adainternet.pdf.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Council on Disability, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Americans with Disabilities Act 1990