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ERIC Number: ED481429
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Aug
Pages: 75
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Christianity, Islam, and Political Culture: Lessons from Sub-Saharan Africa in Comparative Perspective.
Dowd, Robert A.
Many theorists have argued that western Christianity and Islam affect political culture in different ways, and that western Christianity is more conducive to the rise of a democratic culture than is Islam. This paper argues that the difference between Christianity and Islam in terms of the type of political culture they encourage, is largely exaggerated. In Sub-Saharan Africa, the paper finds a significant correlation between religious diversity and democratization. It develops an argument to explain the correlation and test it on the results of a survey of Roman Catholics and Muslims in Kenya conducted during 2002. The paper finds that the effect of religious involvement on political actions and attitudes depends less on whether an individual is a Catholic or a Muslim than on where an individual is a Catholic or a Muslim. It finds that Roman Catholics and Muslims who are more religiously involved in the most religiously diverse settings are more politically active and supportive of democracy than Roman Catholics and Muslims who are just as religiously involved in less religiously diverse settings. It finds that, in religiously diverse settings, religious involvement is often a more powerful predictor of political actions and attitudes than other factors usually thought to be more important, such as gender, age, education, and income. Appended is the survey questionnaire. (Contains a 125 references, 26 notes, and 15 tables.) (Author/BT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A