ERIC Number: ED481299
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2001
World Wide Access: Accessible Web Design.
Washington Univ., Seattle.
This brief paper considers the application of "universal design" principles to Web page design in order to increase accessibility for people with disabilities. Suggestions are based on the World Wide Web Consortium's accessibility initiative, which has proposed guidelines for all Web authors and federal government standards. Seven guidelines for general page design include maintain a simple, consistent page layout throughout the site; keep background simple and with enough contrast; design large buttons; and include a note about accessibility. Examples of six guidelines for graphical and audio features are: include appropriate ALT/LONGDESC attributes for graphical elements on your page; include menu alternatives for image maps to ensure that embedded links are accessible; include descriptive captions for pictures and transcriptions of manuscript images; and provide audio description and captions or transcripts of video. Among suggestions for special Web page features are the sparing use of tables and frames; provision of alternatives for forms and databases; and provision of alternatives for content in applets and plug-ins. Finally, the paper urges developers to test the Web site with various Web browsers. Following a list of 13 resource Web sites, the paper lists contact and other information resources associated with Project DO-IT at the University of Washington. (DB)
Descriptors: Access to Computers, Accessibility (for Disabled), Design Preferences, Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education, Guidelines, Internet, Universal Design for Learning, World Wide Web
DO-IT, Disabilities, Opportunities, Internetworking & Technology, University of Washington, Box 355670, Seattle, WA 98195-5670. Tel: 206-685-DOIT (Voice/TTY); Fax: 206-221-4171; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.washington.edu/doit. For full text: http://www.washington.edu/doit.
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA.; Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Washington Univ., Seattle.
Note: The DO-IT (Disabilities, Opportunities, Internetworking, and Technology) program is also funded by the State of Washington.