ERIC Number: ED481281
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Preparing Rural Educators To Teach Students in an Era of Standards-Based Reform and Accountability.
Lazarus, Sheryl S.
The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 requires that all teachers receive state certification by the end of the 2005-06 school year. Waivers will no longer be allowed. Each state has established standards for licensing teachers. Licensure tests aligned with teacher preparation standards are required for certification. As a result of teacher shortages, many states have implemented alternative certification programs to get teachers into classrooms quickly. In spite of great unevenness in alternative certification program quality, such programs provide an important way for prospective rural teachers to become credentialed. A Minnesota study examined whether the use of teachers without full certification affected the performance of either rural or urban students. Student achievement and teacher characteristic data for all 331 Minnesota school districts with secondary students indicated that rural teachers had more experience than nonrural teachers, but were less likely to have a master's degree. Nine percent of rural teachers were teaching out of their field of licensure or under an emergency permit, compared to 5.2 percent of nonrural teachers. Teacher experience had a significant negative impact on student achievement in math and reading. Students of teachers who were relatively better paid had higher math and reading achievement. Neither teacher experience or pay had any effect on writing achievement. Differences in teacher qualifications had little impact on student achievement in math, reading, or writing. Policy implications are discussed. (Contains 25 references) (TD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Minnesota
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: No Child Left Behind Act 2001