ERIC Number: ED481280
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2003-Sep
Impacts of Hispanic Population Growth on Rural Wages. Agricultural Economic Report.
Although earnings generally increased in rural areas in the 1990s, Hispanic population growth led to lower wages for at least one segment of the rural population--workers with a high school degree (skilled workers), particularly men in this skill group. Using data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis and the Current Population Survey, this report examines the effects of Hispanic population growth on rural wages by gender, ethnicity, occupation, and educational attainment. The analysis combines approaches from earlier immigration-impact studies and more recent work that incorporates the role of labor demand in the labor market. Results indicate that increases in labor demand favored skilled workers (those with a high school degree) overall but favored unskilled and professional workers in some rural industries. Thus, the increased supply of unskilled labor from Hispanic immigration and population growth led to lower wages for skilled men as a result of production changes in some parts of the rural economy. Eleven data tables detail changes in nonmetro total and Hispanic population by state, 1990-2000; economic statistics for nonmetro population by ethnicity and education level; nonmetro employment by occupation, industry, and ethnicity; determinants of individual wages for different populations; determinants of relative state wages by gender and education level; and other statistical data. (Contains 22 references) (Author/SV)
Descriptors: Economic Impact, Educational Attainment, Educational Status Comparison, Employment Patterns, Females, Hispanic Americans, Immigration, Labor Market, Labor Supply, Males, Population Growth, Rural Economics, Rural Population, Skilled Workers, Unskilled Workers, Wages
For full text: http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/AER826/.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Economic Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC.