NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED481118
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Nov
Pages: 32
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Surviving the Superintendency: What District and State Education Report Cards Can Tell Us.
Miller-Whitehead, Marie
This study examined Alabama and Tennessee state education report card data for 1998 through 2003. The purpose of the study was to determine whether there were measurable differences in reported accountability indicators between districts that elected and those that appointed superintendents. The study also examined trends in attrition and hiring or electing of male and female superintendents in city and county school districts. Personal interviews and published research indicated that the district superintendency is often a high-risk position. Turnover may be linked to district performance, as well as to factors not reported on district or state education report cards. The data consisted of accountability indicators for 128 Alabama public school districts and 138 Tennessee public school districts. The analysis used t-tests of statistical significance and a series of regression analyses to identify the relationships among the variables of interest. These included funding sources, student socioeconomic status, expenditure per pupil, and teacher education level. Results indicate significant differences in performance indicators between districts that elected and those that appointed superintendents (Alabama) and between city and county districts with appointed superintendents (Tennessee). Gender was a significant predictor on more indicators for the Tennessee report card data than for Alabama, although females were no more likely to be appointed than elected in either city or county school districts. Data for several high-risk districts, those that had as many as three or four superintendents in a 5-year period, were examined to determine if performance indicators were significantly different than for districts with lower superintendent turnover. Although a district on Caution or Alert status was linked to superintendent turnover, districts with the highest turnover rates were on Clear status. Forty-one percent of appointed and 45% of elected Alabama superintendents remained in office from 1999 to 2003. (Contains 5 tables and 23 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A