ERIC Number: ED481093
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000
Reference Count: N/A
The Learning that Lies between Play and Academics in After-School Programs.
The increasing emphasis on student achievement and mastery test scores has many after-school programs struggling with the demand to improve academics and offer homework assistance, while also offering a well-balanced program providing opportunities for play and social interaction. This paper asserts that project-based activities can encourage learning while not creating an overly academic climate. Project-based activities are described as open-ended, challenging, and experimental in nature, thereby building on and furthering children's learning in a stimulating and creative way and maintaining the positives associated with play. The paper delineates the qualities of project-based activities, with accompanying illustrative examples. Key components of adult involvement in successful project-based activities are highlighted, including encouraging children to talk about what they are planning, helping to break the project task down into manageable activities, suggesting routes to accomplish a task, and supporting and applauding children's efforts. The paper points out that after-school programs that offer project-based experiences provide an enriching, supportive atmosphere that complements and furthers the learning that occurs during the regular school day and links appropriately with childrens play. A tip sheet on project-based activity concludes the paper, summarizing the qualities of good projects, adult involvement with learners in project-based learning, and reasons to use project-based activities in after-school programs. (KB)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adult Child Relationship, After School Education, After School Programs, Children, Staff Role, Student Projects, Teacher Student Relationship, Teaching Methods
National Institute on Out-of-School Time, Wellesley College, 106 Central Street, Wellesley, MA 92481-8203. Tel: 781-283-2547; Fax: 781-283-3657; Web site: http://www.niost.org. For full text: http://www.niost.org/publications/learning_article.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wellesley Coll., MA. National Inst. on Out-of-School Time.