ERIC Number: ED480734
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Jun
Comparing the Effectiveness of Public and Private Schools: A Review of Evidence and Interpretations. Occasional Paper.
McEwan, Patrick J.
This paper explores two questions: (1) Do private schools produce greater academic achievement or attainment than public schools? and (2) Does this evidence provide guidance on the potential impact of voucher plans? Based on recent experimental evidence, it finds that Catholic elementary schools have modest effects on the mathematics achievement of poor minority students in grades 2-5 but not in grades 6-8 or among nonblack students. The evidence on elementary reading achievement shows no consistent effects. In secondary schools, the nonexperimental evidence shows no consistent effects on achievement. In contrast, the evidence on attainment is strikingly consistent, indicating that Catholic schools increase the probability of high school completion and college attendance, particularly for minorities in urban areas. However, the latter findings are subject to a caveat: Statistical corrections for selection bias may not fully eliminate bias and may even worsen it. Overall, the evidence is instructive regarding the potential impact of small-scale voucher programs, particularly those encouraging attendance in existing Catholic schools. However, the evidence is notably unhelpful in predicting the effects of large-scale voucher programs, particularly the effects of newly created private schools on outcomes or the effects of competition on public schools. (Contains 59 references.) (Author)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Access to Education, Catholic Schools, Educational Assessment, Educational Attainment, Educational Quality, Educational Vouchers, Elementary Secondary Education, Labeling (of Persons), Mathematics Achievement, Outcomes of Education, Private Education, Public Education, Reading Achievement, School Choice, School Effectiveness
Teachers College, Columbia University, Box 181, 230 Thompson Hall, 525 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027-6696. Tel: 212-678-3259; Fax: 212-678-3474; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.ncspe.org. For full text: http://www.ncspe.org/publications_files/990_OP03.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. National Center for the Study of Privatization in Education.