ERIC Number: ED480720
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Social Service Organizations and Welfare Reform.
Fink, Barbara; Widom, Rebecca
The Project on Devolution and Urban Change conducted a study to learn how new welfare policies and funding mechanisms, especially devolution and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families block grants, affect human service agencies in neighborhoods with high concentrations of welfare recipients and people living in poverty. Key personnel at 106 agencies in the four Urban Change areas were interviewed. Findings indicated agency staff were generally aware major changes in welfare policy had occurred, but few expressed detailed knowledge of the policies; the overwhelming majority expressed negative or mixed views of welfare reform; changes attributed to welfare reform began soon after policies were implemented but were not as dramatic as reform critics predicted; changes in demand for education and training services were the biggest effect of welfare reform; most basic needs organizations had not seen an increase in demand or increases in private donations; and, despite the limited impact the first year of welfare reform had on community organizations, respondents anticipated new policies would appreciably increase demand for their services in the future but many had no plans for meeting the new needs or possible rise in demand. (Appendixes include detailed descriptions of types of agencies and a 45-item bibliography.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Adult Education, Agency Role, Community Organizations, Context Effect, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Demand, Educational Supply, Employee Attitudes, Financial Support, Needs Assessment, Policy Formation, Professional Personnel, Public Policy, Resistance to Change, Social Agencies, Urban Areas, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform, Welfare Services
Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation, 16 East 34 Street, New York, New York 10016. Tel: 212-532-3200; Web site: http://www.mdrc.org. For full text: http://www.mdrc.org/Reports2001/UC-SocialService/UCSocialServicesOrg&WelReform.htm.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: California Wellness Foundation.; Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Pew Charitable Trusts, Philadelphia, PA.; Charles Stewart Mott Foundation, Flint, MI.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, New York, NY.; James G. Irvine Foundation, San Francisco, CA.; William Penn Foundation, Philadelphia, PA.; George Gund Foundation, Cleveland, OH.; Cleveland Foundation, OH.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; John S. and James L. Knight Foundation, Miami, FL.; Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.
Authoring Institution: Manpower Demonstration Research Corp., New York, NY.