ERIC Number: ED480347
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002
Reference Count: N/A
European Linguistic Diversity--For Whom? The Cases of Finland and Sweden. Mercator Working Papers.
Linguistic diversity in the Nordic countries has several dimensions. One main division is between what the majority group thinks it is about versus what the minority group thinks it is about. This paper examines the situation in Finland and Sweden, noting implications for linguistic diversity. Finland and Sweden contain five main varieties of Swedish and Finnish: majority Swedish; Swedish Finnish and Meankieli (two varieties of minority Finnish in Sweden); majority Finnish; and Finland Swedish in Finland. In both countries, linguistic diversity is in many respects about the legal right to receive instruction in the mother tongue. Sweden has promoted active bilingualism for all migrant students during the last 3 decades. This paper focuses on the following: Finland (Suomi); Sweden (Sverige); migration patterns in Finland and Sweden; language contact patterns in Finland and Sweden; and differentiated outcomes of linguistic diversity in Finland and Sweden. It notes that through the slowly improving status and prestige in Sweden of Swedish Finnish, there is greater willingness among both Finland Swedes and Finns in Finland to connect their language policies to that of Swedish in Finland. (Contains 41 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Elementary Secondary Education, Finnish, Foreign Countries, Immigrants, Language Maintenance, Language Minorities, Language of Instruction, Migration Patterns, Official Languages, Sociolinguistics, Swedish, Uncommonly Taught Languages
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Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: European Union, Brussels (Belgium).
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Finland; Sweden