ERIC Number: ED480345
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Reference Count: N/A
The Juridical Defence of Rhaeto-Romansh Languages, with Particular Reference to the Friulian Case. Mercator Working Papers.
Rhaeto-Romansh is a Neo-Latin language with three varieties. Occidental Rhaeto-Romansh (Romansh) is spoken in Switzerland, in the Canton of the Grisons. Central Rhaeto-Romansh (Dolomite Ladin) is spoken in some of the Italian Dolomite valleys, in the Province of Belluno, Bozen/Bolzano, and Trento. Oriental Rhaeto-Romansh (Friulian) is spoken in northeast Italy, in the Provinces of Gorizia, Pordenone, Udine, and Venezia. The administrative and state borders separating these communities have determined particular linguistic developments and led to diversified forms of juridical defense. This paper examines juridical regulations for the defense of the Rhaeto-Romansh groups present in the Autonomous Province of Bozen, in the Canton of the Grisons, and in the Autonomous Region Friuli-Venezia Giulia. It highlights the regulations recently adopted in favor of the Friulian linguistic community, which until 5 years ago, was one of the least safeguarded Rhaeto-Romansh groups. It also examines Regional Law 15/96, which was the first organic law for the defense of the Friulian language, and describes Law 482/99, which put into practice the fundamental principle on the defense of minorities provided for by Article 6 of the Constitution. It concludes that once the Executive Rules of Law 482 are issued, Friulians will have many useful juridical instruments for making their linguistic rights prevail. (SM)
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Language Maintenance, Language Minorities, Official Languages, Public Policy, Romance Languages, Sociolinguistics, Uncommonly Taught Languages
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Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: European Union, Brussels (Belgium).
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Italy; Switzerland