ERIC Number: ED480344
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003
Reference Count: N/A
The Evolutionary Process of Laws on the State Language, Education, and Naturalisation: A Reflection of Latvia's Democratisation Process. Mercator Working Papers.
At the time of the collapse of the Soviet Union, ethnic Latvians were only 52 percent of the total population of Latvia, and official use of the Latvian language had greatly diminished while Russian had become the dominant language. It took 15 years to develop the legal instruments necessary for stabilizing the official status of the Latvian language while complying with internationally accepted human rights norms. The law in its current form is clear and functional, although there are certain difficulties in implementation. Not all of those who are required to know Latvian at the necessary level are in compliance. This report presents information on: (1) "Education Law"; (2) "Law on Citizenship"; and (3) "Incorporating the Concept of Integration into the State Administration System." The paper notes that although the law helps establish the official position on language, in a democratic society, all people can converse in private as they wish. There is no threat from the Latvian government regarding the assimilation or "Latvianization" of ethnic minorities. (SM)
Descriptors: Citizenship, Democracy, Educational Legislation, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Language Maintenance, Language Minorities, Language of Instruction, Official Languages, Uncommonly Taught Languages
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Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: European Union, Brussels (Belgium).
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Latvia