ERIC Number: ED480300
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Enlargement Futures Project: Expert Panel on Technology, Knowledge and Learning. Final Report.
Gourova, Elissaveta; Ducatel, Ken; Gavigan, James; Scapolo, Fabiana; Di Pietrogiacomo, Paola
The next 10 years provide an opportunity for the European Union (EU) to renew the science and technology (S&T) base and build necessary knowledge-society capacities and capabilities in Pre-Accession Countries (PACs). Applied research has faced a major downsize; redressing the balance in the research and development systems is urgently needed. Stated research priorities in national policy frameworks in PACS indicates a mirroring of priorities found across EU member states. The central challenge concerns ways in which S&T demand and supply are balanced. Research suggests PACs have the potential to sustain high-level research systems. Upgrading and updating applied research capacity and connecting it to the industrial demand side are urgent priorities; developments reveal promising trends that could provide a starting point. Direct technology transfer is limited and impacts survival of companies dependent on the speed of change in their productivity and competitiveness. A brain drain has led PACs to devote attention to attracting youth into research careers. Aspects of the process of building human capital and learning capabilities are to meet present skills gaps in the labor market; guarantee medium-term capacity of the S&T training system to deliver technical specialists, researchers, and teachers; and ensure longer-term sustainability of society and economic growth by opening good-quality education to all citizens. (Appendixes include an 89-item bibliography, S&T priorities, and S&T framework and priorities in PACs.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Adult Education, Developing Nations, Economic Development, Foreign Countries, Futures (of Society), Higher Education, Human Capital, Job Skills, Labor Force Development, Postsecondary Education, Research, Research and Development, Research Needs, Scientific and Technical Information, Secondary Education, Technological Advancement, Technological Literacy, Technology Education, Technology Transfer
For full text: ftp://ftp.jrc.es/pub/EURdoc/eur20118en.pdf.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: European Union