ERIC Number: ED480291
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Apr-5
Reference Count: N/A
Birth Conditions and Special Education Costs at Kindergarten.
Roth, Jeffrey; Figlio, David N.; Chen, Yuwen; Carter, Randy L.; Ariet, Mario; Resnick, Michael B.
This study attempted to estimate special education expenditures at kindergarten from material and infant medical and sociodemographic factors known at birth. The study consisted of all students born in Florida between September 1, 1990 and August 31, 1991 who subsequently attended kindergarten in Florida. A total of 125,430 birth records were successfully matched with education databases. Predictors included Medicaid eligibility at birth, poverty at school age, mother's level of education, previous pregnancy experience, maternal age, and infant birth weight. Ordered probit regression analysis was performed on the data. The outcome variable was state educational expenditure on the student through completion of kindergarten. Variables that best predicted educational costs by the end of kindergarten included: low birth weight, congenital anomaly, male gender, no prenatal care, Medicaid eligibility at birth, and school age poverty. Results suggest that, since the factors with the greatest estimated effects on kindergarten costs are perinatal conditions and family background factors, high risk infants can be identified at birth, and therefore physicians, educators, social workers, and policymakers should coordinate efforts in allocating resources for children with special needs. (Contains 19 references and 4 tables.) (DB)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Birth Weight, Educational Background, Expenditure per Student, Expenditures, High Risk Students, Infants, Kindergarten Children, Mothers, Multiple Regression Analysis, Poverty, Predictor Variables, Resource Allocation, Socioeconomic Background, Special Education, Special Needs Students
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Florida