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ERIC Number: ED480231
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Mar-7
Pages: 62
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Continuities of Dependence: External Support to Higher Education in Africa.
Samoff, Joel; Carrol, Bidemi
This discussion of external support for higher education in Africa focuses on the academic partnerships that link U.S. and African institutions. The exploration begins with a brief historical overview that links the evolution of higher education in Africa with changing patterns and forms of external support and influence. It then discusses the forms and characteristics of academic partnerships. Little systematic research has been done, but insights are drawn from a variety of perspectives. The modern history of African universities began with dependence, formally institutionalized in the links between European universities and subordinate institutions in Africa. Dependence seemed to lessen in the excitement of the immediate postcolonial period, and initiatives in Africa captured the attention and admiration of scholars around the world. Dynamic debates were increasingly Africanfocused, and decreasingly driven by the disciplines and discourses of overseas counterparts. However, just as economic and financial crises threatened national development plans and constrained national courses of action, so too did they reinforce external direction within higher education. Universities found that access to rapidly declining funds was dependent on reorganization according to externally set priorities and agendas. At a deep level, external influences on the intellectual structure and priorities of African universities continue to be profound, and often unrecognized. In immediate and practical terms, external influences are directly visible in the increasing use of curriculum developed and packaged overseas. Partnerships face the challenge of deciding whether to be part of the continuities of dependence or whether to address the problem actively. Six appendixes contain supplemental information, including the cases studies of some partnerships between U.S. and African universities. (Contains 4 tables and 84 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Africa