ERIC Number: ED480158
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Reference Count: N/A
The Main Concepts in the Recognition of Linguistic Rights in European States. Mercator Working Papers.
Jane, Neus Oliveras
This paper discusses the protection of linguistic rights, focusing on the constitutional and legal experience in Europe. It addresses state plurilingualism, then examines general principles (the legal status of languages, equality, and multilingualism in representative institutions). Next, it discusses recognition of linguistic rights (the right to linguistic choice, to education, and to be attended to in the language of the citizen's choice; rights in the judicial field; and the right of a community to self-identification). The paper examines plurilingual state models, introducing a classification established by the doctrine when trying to distinguish--in the case of multilingual states--between plurilingual states and states with linguistic minorities. The first category (plurilingual states) includes those states claiming the existence of more than one official language; the formal, legal, social, and political equality of the languages and the linguistic communities; the regulation of citizens' linguistic rights and use of languages in public intersubjective relationships; and the establishment of education or training systems of or in the official languages. A second classification in this category is horizontal or vertical plurilingualism. In states with linguistic minorities, the minority languages are not treated as official languages, though they can be protected by international law via bilateral treaties between states or constitutions and state domestic law. (SM)
Descriptors: Civil Liberties, Foreign Countries, Language Minorities, Language of Instruction, Language Usage, Multilingualism, Official Languages
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Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: European Union, Brussels (Belgium).
Authoring Institution: N/A