ERIC Number: ED480157
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2001
Accreditation in the USA: Origins, Developments and Future Prospects. Improving the Managerial Effectiveness of Higher Education.
This study analyzes the accreditation experience in the United States with special emphasis on the issues and decisions that surrounded the development of evaluation procedures and standards. Attention is given to the relationship between accrediting agencies and governmental agencies, the effect of accrediting requirements on the way that universities function, and the arguments that can be made about accreditations' overall role and impact. It also reviews some early steps that have been taken by U.S. accrediting agencies to address the issues of educational quality that are raised by the rapidly expanding role of information technology. The study begins with a review of the circumstances surrounding the initial development of accreditation early in the 20th century. It then examines the major changes in procedures and standards that occurred over several decades, especially the period between the 1950s and 1970s. Finally, analysis turns to the ways that accrediting agencies have confronted questions about the adequacy and appropriateness of their procedures during the past decade. Also described are several new approaches to self-study and site-analysis that accrediting agencies are developing. A case study of an institution's recent experience with accreditation reviews is included. (Author)
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Accreditation (Institutions), Accrediting Agencies, Agency Role, Educational Assessment, Educational Improvement, Educational Planning, Educational Quality, Government Role, Higher Education, Institutional Evaluation, Program Effectiveness, Quality Control
United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, International Inst. for Educational Planning, 7-9 rue Eugene-Delacroix, 75116 Paris, France. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.unesco.org/iiep.
Publication Type: Books; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). International Inst. for Educational Planning.
Note: Cover title: "Accreditation in the United States: Origins, Developments and Future Prospects."