ERIC Number: ED480107
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Effective Practices and Participant Outcomes for Youth: Inclusive Camps and Outdoor Schools.
Brannan, Steve; Arick, Joel; Fullerton, Ann
Over a 3-year period, the National Inclusive Camp Practices (NICP) project examined camp practices and youth outcomes at 14 resident camps and outdoor schools that fully integrate youth with disabilities into their programs. These outdoor programs were predominantly 1 week long. Data on camp practices and on 742 participating youth with and without disabilities, aged 6-19, were collected through counselor and parent surveys and videotaped observations. Five validated measures of inclusive practices, outdoor skills, social interaction, and individual characteristics generated quantitative data. Across all study sites, the five highest-ranked types of support provided to youth with disabilities were encouragement/motivational support, modeling, allowing extra time, arranging for peer assistance, and providing physical assistance. Encouragement and modeling were also commonly used with youth without disabilities. Both groups of youth were found to grow in their outdoor skills and social development while attending the programs. Changes in social interaction patterns were the same for both groups, suggesting successful integration. Parent responses indicated that both groups of youth grew significantly in the areas of self-reliance and communication, and youth with disabilities also showed improved self-esteem. The results confirm long-standing beliefs that inclusion provides personal and social benefits to all participants, both with and without disabilities. (Contains 41 references) (SV)
Descriptors: Camping, Disabilities, Individual Development, Interpersonal Competence, Normalization (Disabilities), Resident Camp Programs, Social Development, Social Integration
Coalition for Education in the Outdoors, SUNY at Cortland, P.O. Box 2000, Park Center, Cortland, NY 13045 ($18). Tel: 607-753-4971; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Research in Outdoor Education, Volume 6. A Peer-Reviewed Publication of Scholarship First Presented at the Biennial Research Symposium of the Coalition for Education in the Outdoors (6th, Bradford Woods, IN, January 11-13, 2002); see RC 023 980. Supported by the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitation Services.