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ERIC Number: ED479889
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-May
Pages: 43
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Democracy and Education Spending: Has Africa's Move to Multiparty Elections Made a Difference for Policy?
Stasavage, David
While it is widely recognized that electoral competition can have a major influence on public spending decisions, there has been little effort to consider whether the move to multiparty elections in African countries in recent years has led to a redistribution of public expenditures among social groups. This is a question relevant for debates about African politics and for broader discussions about the effect of democratic institutions on policy outcomes. A hypothesis is developed, illustrated with a simple game-theoretic model, which suggests that the need to obtain an electoral majority may have prompted African governments to devote greater resources to primary schools. The proposition is tested using panel data on electoral competition and education spending in 35 African countries. Results show that democratization has indeed been associated with greater spending on primary education, and that government subject to electoral competition has shifted resources towards primary schools, away from other items in the education budget. These findings are robust to controls for unobserved country effects, and they are also supported by evidence from recent country cases. (Contains 40 references, 31 notes, 2 figures, and 5 tables.) (Author/BT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Africa