ERIC Number: ED479715
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Mar-20
Reference Count: N/A
Social Rights and Economics: Claims to Health Care and Education in Developing Countries. Policy Research Working Paper.
This paper analyzes contemporary rights-based and economic approaches to health care and education in developing countries. The paper assesses the foundations and uses of social rights in development; outlines an economic approach to improving health and education service provision; and highlights differences, similarities, and the hard questions that the economic critique poses for rights. It argues that the policy consequences of rights overlap considerably with a modern economic approach. It points out that the rights and the economic approach are skeptical, that electoral politics and defacto market rules by themselves provide sufficient accountability for the effective and equitable provision of health and education services, and that further intra-sectoral reforms in governance, particularly those that strengthen the hand of service recipients, are needed. The paper states that there remain differences between the two approaches whether procedures for service delivery are ends in themselves, the degree of disaggregation at which outcomes should be assessed, the consequences of long-term deprivation, metrics used for making tradeoffs, and the behavioral distortions that result from subsidies are all areas where the approaches diverge. It notes that even here, however, the differences are not irreconcilable, and advocates of the approaches need not regard each other as antagonists. (Contains 47 references and 6 notes.) (Author/BT)
Descriptors: Civil Liberties, Developing Nations, Differences, Economics, Education, Government Role, Health Care Costs, Health Needs
World Bank, 1818 H Street, NW, Washington, DC 20433. Tel: 202-473-1000; Fax: 202-477-6391; Web site: http://www.worldbank.org/. For full text: http://econ.worldbank.org/files/24988_wps3006.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC.