ERIC Number: ED479387
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003
"Fear of Success" Revisited: A Replication of Matina Horner's Study 30 Years Later.
This study updated and extended the classic "fear of success" study conducted by Matina Horner more than 30 years ago. Horner (1970) asked college students to respond to a scenario in which "Anne" or "John" is at the top of her/his medical school class. Based on the negative responses of students to "Anne," Horner concluded that women have a motive to avoid success, or a "fear of success" such that they anticipate negative consequences for their participation or success in male domains. Other research also found that students respond negatively to men who succeed in a traditionally "male" domain. This study replicated Horners protocol to examine stereotypes about the success of women and men in traditional and nontraditional fields: medicine, nursing, and engineering. The researcher also developed an original protocol to examine stereotypes about occupational options and choices available to women and men, which asked students to respond to Anne or Johns decision to change majors in these fields. Because of recent research findings by Yoder and Schleicher (1996), it was not expected that student responses would contain stereotypes about the success or ability of women or men in gender typed occupations, not were such stereotypes found. Participants were 14 female and 117 male college students in general education courses. It was found, however, that students responses contained or identified stereotypes about the options and choices available to women and men in gender-typed occupations, as indicated by their responses on the protocol developed for this study. Students were particularly concerned with the barriers to women and the obstacles they have to overcome, psychological and social, to succeed in nontraditional fields and the pressures faced by men, social and economic, to choose and succeed in traditionally male fields. (Contains 4 tables and 19 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A