ERIC Number: ED479309
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2003-Jun
The Implications of Information Technology for Scientific Journal Publishing: A Literature Review. Special Report.
Friedlander, Amy; Bessette, Randi S.
The purpose of this study is to consider the literature that looks at the implications of information technology for scholarly journals which have historically been a linchpin of communication among scholars in which research results are released, discussed, vetted, and disseminated among faculty, students, and scholars. With the expansion of the Internet/World Wide Web, great attention has been focused on traditional publication processes, changes to business models, implications for intellectual property rights, and modes of communication. This study consequently examined recent literature on information technology and scholarly journal publication to characterize the impact of the Internet/World Wide Web on the nature, function, and status of scholarly journal publishing in the last decade. The study focused primarily on the peer-reviewed journal article since this marks the entry of information into the formal domain because the peer- reviewed journal article is, and has been, for at least two decades, the most extensive mode found in the published literature and represents the greatest amount of resources. This study is not a discussion of the whole process of scientific communication but instead an examination of a subset of that process: scientific journal publishing and how it may have been affected by the new information technologies. This effort covers, as noted, juried periodical articles with a lesser reliance on chapters in anthologies and monographs as well as conference proceedings, dissertations, and reports from the "grey literature" together with limited consultation with experts. Attention has been focused on the period since 1994, the point at which the expansion of the Internet and proliferation of communication technologies appears to have intensified discussion of the future of scholarly publication, particularly in the sciences. The research conducted by King, McDonald, and Roderer in their 1980 seminal study of the production, use, and economics of science journals in the United States, together with work published in 2000 by Tenopir and King, provides the starting point of this study. To build on and supplement these important investigations, a web-based literature search was undertaken. Some of the databases consulted include The Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) Digital Library, Online Computer Library Center (OCLC), and Socio File. (Author/SOE)
Descriptors: Faculty Publishing, Higher Education, Information Technology, Periodicals, Publications, Scholarly Communication, Science Education, World Wide Web, Writing for Publication
National Science Foundation, Div. of Science Resources Statistics, 4201 Wilson Blvd., Suite 965, Arlington, VA 22230. Tel: 703- 292-8774; Fax: 703-292-9092; e-mail: email@example.com.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA. Div. of Science Resources Statistics.