ERIC Number: ED479302
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
The Promotion of Minority Languages in Russian Federation and the Prevention of Interethnic Conflicts: The Case of Kalmykia. [Mercator] Working Papers.
This paper asserts that fostering pacific cohabitation, harmonious multiculturalism, and sustainable development are the main challenges facing the regions of Russia today. It notes the importance of involving Russian linguistic and cultural minorities in the formulation, adoption, application, and evaluation of protection policies, as well as policies fostering their rights at international, national, and local levels. Effective participation of these communities can result in better management of the area's human, social, and economic resources as well better control of local government actions in order to guarantee equal rights and non-discrimination for all. The paper suggests that efforts to promote autochthonous languages and strengthening civil societies should strive to increase the relationships between democracy and national identity, promote tolerance, set up educational systems that disseminate messages of pacific cohabitation and mutual understanding, and implement policies that stimulate local development. The paper focuses on Kalmykia to exemplify the processes that promote autochthonous languages and prevent interethnic conflict, looking at the following: interethnic tensions in the Russian Federation in the post-Soviet era; awakening of national groups in Russia and linguistic legislation; history, language, and identity in Kalmykia; and the challenges of multilingualism in the Russian Federation. (Contains 35 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Cultural Pluralism, Ethnic Bias, Ethnic Discrimination, Ethnicity, Foreign Countries, Intergroup Relations, Language Minorities, Minority Groups, Multilingualism
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Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Russia