ERIC Number: ED479277
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Apr
HIV and Infant Feeding: A Chronology of Research and Policy Advances and Their Implications for Programs.
Preble, Elizabeth A.; Piwoz, Ellen G.
This paper is designed to inform program managers and others who are interested in learning more about human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and infant feeding but who are not necessarily familiar with all of the technical issues in either of these fields. The paper reviews the major advances in the study of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and infant feeding and the policy responses to these findings; describes several design and interpretation issues to take into consideration when reading and comparing research studies on this issue; reports the findings of several studies and mathematical models which have been developed to guide program and policy recommendations on HIV and infant feeding; summarizes what existing studies do and do not reveal about this issue; and recommends areas requiring further research to facilitate adaptation and application of the UNAIDS/UNICEF/WHO guidelines on HIV and infant feeding. (Contains 78 references, 2 boxes, and 2 tables.) (SM)
Descriptors: Breastfeeding, Child Development, Developing Nations, Dietetics, Epidemiology, Foreign Countries, Health Behavior, Infant Care, Nutrition, Public Health
LINKAGES Project, Academy for Educational Development, 1825 Connecticut Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20009. Tel: 202-884-8000; Fax: 202-884-8977; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.linkagesproject.org. For full text: http://www.linkagesproject.org/media/publications/Technical%20Reports/HIVIF.pdf.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Agency for International Development (IDCA), Washington, DC. Office of Nutrition.; Agency for International Development (IDCA), Washington, DC. Bureau for Africa.
Authoring Institution: Academy for Educational Development, Washington, DC.
Note: Published by LINKAGES (Breastfeeding, Complementary Feeding, and Maternal Nutrition Program) and by SARA (Support for Analysis and Research in Africa) Project. LINKAGES is supported by the USAID Bureau for Global Programs, Field Support and Research, Office of Health and Nutrition (G/PHN/HN). SARA is supported by the USAID's Bureau for Africa, Office of Sustainable Development.