ERIC Number: ED479181
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Swept Away: Chronic Hardship and Fresh Promise on the Rural Great Plains. A Socio-Economic Study of the Rural Great Plains.
Bailey, Jon M.; Preston, Kim
In the six-state region of Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota, 182 counties have been identified as having an agriculturally based economy. Characteristics of these counties have been identified using data from the U.S. Census and the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis. Agriculturally based counties have lost population, whereas the region overall has gained population. Poverty is greater and more widespread in agriculturally based counties than in metropolitan counties. Residents of agriculturally based counties have significantly lower income and earnings compared to metropolitan counties and have a significant dependence on unearned income. Agriculturally based counties are extraordinarily entrepreneurial in character. A number of policy recommendations are made. States' development policies for rural and agriculturally based communities should be based on cooperation instead of competition. There should be increased support for family-scale farming and ranching that provides food directly to consumers. Federal and state initiatives should cultivate a new generation of farmers through incentives that provide access to agricultural assets. States should support programs that provide lending capital and technical assistance to microenterprises and small businesses. Conservation and community development programs should be integrated. Incentives to private investment in agriculturally based communities should be provided. Federal rural development policy should be regionally based rather than nationally based. Economic development of agriculturally based communities must be accompanied by the building of human and organizational resources. Poverty, income, and job growth are profiled for farm and nonfarm counties in each of the six states. (TD)
Descriptors: Employment Patterns, Entrepreneurship, Farmers, Incentives, Income, Population Trends, Poverty, Public Policy, Regional Characteristics, Regional Cooperation, Rural Areas, Rural Development, Rural Population, Rural Urban Differences, Technical Assistance
Center for Rural Affairs, P.O. Box 406, Walthill, NE 68067. Tel: 402-846-5428 ($10). For full text: http//www.cfra.org/pdf/Swept_Away.pdf.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Center for Rural Affairs, Walthill, NE.