ERIC Number: ED479168
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Identity Development Models: One Size Fits All? Heterosexual Identity Development and the Search for "Allies" in Higher Education.
Getz, Cheryl; Kirkley, Evelyn A.
The "Rainbow Visibility Project" was funded by an Irvine Foundation (California) grant with the primary goal of raising awareness of the gay, lesbian, and bisexual culture at a Roman Catholic university. The "Rainbow Educator Project" was one of five components of the grant the Rainbow Educators (REs), who collaborate as a team of faculty, staff, and students, who receive training and education on issues of sexual orientation, and engage the university community through a variety of educational avenues. An exploratory study investigated the experiences of the RE team members (n=20), who worked with the program from 1999-2001 and were trained to engage the community in dialogue concerning sexual orientation issues. All participants were asked a series of open-ended questions designed to explore their experiences as Rainbow Educators. Only two models explore the identity of heterosexual allies working to end oppression in the gay, lesbian, and bisexual community. The model used by the REs aligned more closely with the Susan Gelberg and Joseph Chojnacki and Rita Hardiman and Bailey Jackson models. Using these models along with scholarship in the areas of college student development, and multiculturalism and diversity in higher education, a new model is proposed for understanding heterosexual ally identity development that operates in concert with the development of gay, lesbian, and bisexual advocate identity development. In this model, processes or phases are described, which occurred with the study's heterosexual and gay/lesbian participants. The model has five phases, which are: (1) entry; (2) fear of the unknown; (3) acknowledgment of privilege; (4) engagement; and (5) conscious self-identification as allies/advocates. This paper is organized around each phase in the model; described and juxtaposed with a stage or stages from previous models; and provides data to support each phase. It concludes with a discussion and recommendations for future study. (Contains 30 references.) (BT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A