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ERIC Number: ED479142
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Mar
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Politics of Educational Transfer: Different Meanings of the American Black Industrial Education Model in the Discourse of "Education for Africans."
Yamada, Shoko
In 1920, the Phelps-Stokes Fund, based in New York, sent a commission to investigate educational conditions in West, South, and Equatorial Africa. After the first Phelps-Stokes Commission, two additional commissions were sent from the United States to investigate African educational practices and conditions until the mid-1940s. These efforts to transfer U.S. educational experience, backed by U.S. philanthropic organizations in the United States, were driven by a feeling of moral responsibility as veteran promoters of Black education and financial power. Why were U.S. philanthropic organizations so interested in African education and why did Europeans, particularly the British, look to the United States for guidance? This paper considers these questions in the context of American racial politics and how this was perceived in the international arena. Related is the fact that the U.S. has minimal political and economic relations with Africa, creating the perception that it could act as a neutral referee. The image of the U.S. specialists carries strong symbolic meaning, and often counted for more than the actual substantial value of any U.S. model. The paper explores this point by showing some of the common characteristics of the main actors involved. (Contains 42 notes and 20 references.) (BT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Africa