ERIC Number: ED478916
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2003-Jun
Gender Differences in the Careers of Academic Scientists and Engineers: A Literature Review. Special Report.
Bentley, Jerome T.; Adamson, Rebecca
The literature on women in science and engineering is extensive and addresses such issues as early education, decision to study and pursue careers in science, and how women fair in their jobs. This review used the literature on the careers of women scientists and engineers employed in academia to examine how women in these disciplines fare compared with their male counterparts. The women represented in this review have mostly completed their formal educations and have made the decision to pursue academic careers in science and engineering. Taken as a whole, the body of literature reviewed provides evidence that women in academic careers are disadvantaged compared with men in similar careers. Women faculty earn less, are promoted less frequently to senior academic ranks, and publish less frequently than their male counterparts. (Author/MVL)
Descriptors: Engineering Education, Engineers, Females, Higher Education, Science Instruction, Sex Differences, Sex Discrimination, Women Scientists
National Science Foundation, 4201 Wilson Blvd., Arlington, VA 22230. For full text: http://www.nsf.gov/sbe/srs/nsf03322/pdf/nsf03322.pdf.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Westat, Inc., Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA. Div. of Science Resources Statistics.; Mathtech, Inc., Princeton, NJ.