ERIC Number: ED478794
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
America's Children and the Environment: A First View of Available Measures.
Woodruff, Tracey J.; Axelrad, Daniel A.; Kyle, Amy D.
Noting that children may be affected by environmental contaminants quite differently from the way adults are affected, this report is the first on trends in measures reflecting environmental factors that may affect the health and well-being of children in the United States. For most measures presented, data between 1990 and 1999 were provided by federal agencies and include all children under age 18. Following a summary list of measures and presentation of key findings, the report is organized into three main sections. Section 1 presents measures showing the percentage of children exposed to critical concentrations of contaminants in outdoor air, indoor air, water, food, and soil. Section 2 presents measures of children's blood lead concentrations. Section 3 presents trends in asthma, chronic bronchitis, and childhood cancers. The report's final section discusses future directions in data collection, including ways in which existing measures could be improved, alternative data sources, and measures for possible inclusion in future reports. Major findings highlighted in the report include declines during the 1990s in the percentage of children living in areas where one or more criteria air pollutants exceeded national standards, and declines in the percentage of children in areas where drinking water standards for contaminants were exceeded. Also noted are declines in the percentage of homes of children under 7 years with a regular smoker, and decreases in the percent of foods showing detectable pesticide residues. Drops in average blood lead concentrations were attributed largely to the elimination of leaded gasoline. The prevalence of asthma and of childhood cancer increased during the last 15 to 20 years. The report's three appendices include data tables, data source descriptions, and a list of national health objectives relevant to the topic of the report. (Contains 53 references.) (KB)
Descriptors: Air Pollution, Asthma, Cancer, Child Health, Children, Environmental Influences, Environmental Standards, Hazardous Materials, Incidence, Indoor Air Pollution, Lead Poisoning, Measurement Techniques, Measures (Individuals), Physical Environment, Poverty, Racial Differences, Tables (Data), Trend Analysis, Water Pollution, Well Being
U.S. EPA, National Service Center for Environmental Publications, P.O. Box 42419, Cincinnati, OH 45242. Tel: 800-490-9198 (Toll Free); Tel: 513-489-8190; Fax: 513-489-8695; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.epa.gov. For full text: http://www.epa.gov/ipbpages/archive/v.0/26.htm.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Children's Health Protection.