ERIC Number: ED478722
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Jun
Easing the Policy Environments of Small Schools and Schools-within-Schools: Lessons from Six Cities. Policy Brief.
AEL, Inc., Charleston, WV.
Research shows that small schools and schools within schools can yield positive outcomes for students and improved satisfaction and effectiveness among school staff. Small schools can be less costly than larger ones if judged by expenditure per graduate instead of cost per pupil enrolled. Examination of the policy environments of urban schools in six cities that have experimented with small schools and schools within schools reconfirms an often-made observation: successful, enduring change and reform in schools requires change and reform at the system level. Suggestions for improving policy environments of small urban schools and schools within schools include standardizing policies that accommodate and support small schools and schools within schools, installing actively supportive leaders and structures, and negotiating with unions to ensure that staffing decisions benefit the goals and structure of the school. Schools should receive assistance in identifying and applying research to support restructuring efforts. New demands for school accountability should be met in proactive ways. The role of principals should be rethought to allow for shared governance in schools within schools. Opportunities for professional development and collaboration should be provided. Efforts to downsize schools in New York City, Philadelphia, Boston, Chicago, Kauai (Hawaii), and Portland (Oregon) illustrate six different approaches to downsizing schools. (TD)
Descriptors: Bureaucracy, Change Strategies, Educational Change, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, House Plan, Institutional Environment, Models, Organizational Climate, Power Structure, Principals, Resistance to Change, School Based Management, School Restructuring, School Size, Small Schools, Urban Schools
AEL, PO Box 1348, Charlestion, WV 25325-1248. For full text: http://www.ael.org/page.htm?&index=678&pd=1.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Institute of Education Sciences (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: AEL, Inc., Charleston, WV.