ERIC Number: ED478666
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Breakfast and Learning in Children. Symposium Proceedings (Washington, DC, April 22, 1999).
Food, Nutrition, and Consumer Services (USDA), Washington, DC. Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion.
Noting that many schools do not participate in the U.S. Department of Agriculture's School Breakfast Program despite evidence that poor nutrition affects children's school attendance and performance, this document presents the proceedings of a 1999 symposium on links between breakfast and school performance and the implications for public policy. The report includes opening remarks by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Under Secretary for Food, Nutrition, and Consumer Services, the USDA Deputy Secretary of Agriculture, a U.S. senator from South Dakota, and the Acting Assistant Secretary from the Office of Elementary and Secondary Education of the Department of Education. The remainder of the report contains the presentations from the symposium. The scientific presentations are as follows: (1) "School Breakfast Program and Persistent Hunger in Children" (Ronald Kleinman); (2) "School Feeding and Educational Outcomes" (Ernesto Pollitt); (3) "The Effects of Breakfast on Children's Cognition, School Achievement, and Classroom Behavior" (Sally Grantham-McGregor); (4) "Effects of Sugar on Learning and the Brain" (Paul Gold); and (5) "Infancy to Adolescence: Long-Term Effects of Nutrition on Growth" (Roscoe Dykman). The following presentations with policy implications and recommendations are then compiled: (1) "The School Breakfast Program" (Lynn Woolsey); (2) "Minnesota Takes the 'Fast Break to Learning'" (Mary Begalle); (3) "Breakfast at School: What We've Learned and Where We Go from Here" (Lynn Parker). Question-answer sessions followed both the scientific presentations and policy presentations and are transcribed. Closing remarks by the Under Secretary for Food, Nutrition, and Consumer Services noted that if breakfast programs are considered health-related programs and part of the educational day, they are more likely to survive in the new millennium. (KB)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Attendance, Brain, Breakfast Programs, Child Development, Children, Cognitive Development, Elementary Secondary Education, Learning, Nutrition, Program Descriptions, Public Policy, Student Behavior
Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion, 3101 Park Center, Room 1034, Alexandria, VA 22302-1594. Tel: 703-305-7600; Fax: 703-305-3400; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.usda.gov/cnpp. For full text: http://www.usda.gov/cnpp/Seminars/Behavior/breakfast.pdf.
Publication Type: Collected Works - Proceedings
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Food, Nutrition, and Consumer Services (USDA), Washington, DC. Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion.