ERIC Number: ED478433
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Impact of Technological and Structural Change on Employment. Prospective Analysis 2020. Synthesis Report. Report to the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs of the European Parliament. Technical Report Series.
The possible impact of technological and structural change on employment in the European Union (EU) over the next 20 years was examined through an exploration of the following alternative policy-driven scenarios: (1) business as usual; (2) concentrated technology policy (increases in innovation and research and development [R&D] efforts are concentrated on advanced technology); (3) diversified technology policy (increases in innovation and R&D efforts are allocated to sectors currently demonstrating strong performance); and (4) uniform technology policy (innovation and R&D spending are increased uniformly throughout the economy). The study demonstrated that technological progress is a necessary though insufficient condition for the EU to achieve high economic growth and higher employment levels. Rather than threatening employment at the EU level, the increased productivity resulting from technological progress appeared to be a driver for increased competitiveness and overall economic growth. Other conclusions emerging from the study were as follows: (1) technological change will increase the demand for highly skilled workers; (2) emerging technologies will both respond to changes in work organization and further raise requirements for flexibility in work organization; and (3) technology policy strategies aimed at accelerating technological progress should lead to positive results and further economic and employment growth. (Twenty tables/figures are included. An overview of the study methodology and a bibliography listing 29 references are appended.) (MN)
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Adult Education, Demand Occupations, Economic Change, Economic Impact, Education Work Relationship, Employment Level, Employment Patterns, Employment Qualifications, Futures (of Society), Industrial Structure, Job Skills, Job Training, Labor Economics, Labor Market, Policy Formation, Postsecondary Education, Public Policy, Technological Advancement, Work Environment
For full text: ftp://ftp.jrc.es/pub/EURdoc/eur20131en.pdf.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: European Union