ERIC Number: ED478432
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Skills Training Works: Examining the Evidence.
Smith, Whitney; Wittner, Jenny; Spence, Robin; Van Kleunen, Andy
The federal policy shift from skills training and toward work first strategies has come about, in part, from a misconception that "training does not work." A more comprehensive look at existing research reveals the documented effectiveness of skills training. A growing number of studies have shown skills training can increase earnings; improve access to employer-paid benefits; and increase steady work. In addition, a closer reading of the often-referenced major evaluations reveals they documented effective outcomes for training, but those results have been overlooked. The evaluations have identified numerous programs in which pre-employment training significantly improved employment outcomes for low-income adults. Such results have often been missed or misinterpreted because occupational training was not distinguished from other types of education; the most successful programs made substantial use of training, but that fact was overshadowed by their additional emphasis on employment; and the evaluations did not focus on individual effective practices. To create more effective welfare and workforce development policies, policymakers should acknowledge outcome studies other than government-sponsored national evaluations; sponsor national evaluations focusing specifically on occupational skills training; consult or sponsor new "effective practice" studies focusing on individual model programs; and talk to local experts from the field. (Appendixes include descriptions of studies featured in the paper and 39 endnotes.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Economically Disadvantaged, Employment Opportunities, Employment Potential, Employment Programs, Federal Government, Federal Legislation, Job Skills, Job Training, Labor Force Development, Low Income Groups, Outcomes of Education, Postsecondary Education, Program Effectiveness, Public Policy, Research Utilization, Role of Education, Salary Wage Differentials, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Services
For full text: http://www.womenemployed.org/publications/skills_training_works_r eport.pdf.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A