ERIC Number: ED478412
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Home Computers on School Enrollment. JCPR Working Paper.
Fairlie, Robert W.
Approximately 9 out of 10 high school students who have access to a home computer use that computer to complete school assignments. Using the Computer and Internet Use Supplements to the 2001 Current Population Survey, this study explores whether access to home computers increases the likelihood of school enrollment among teenagers who have not graduated from high school. A comparison of school enrollment rates reveals that 95.2 percent of children who have home computers are enrolled in school, whereas only 85.4 percent of children who do not have home computers are enrolled in school. Results find a difference of roughly 7.7 percentage points in school enrollment rates after estimating a bivariate probit model for the joint probability of school enrollment and owning a home computer. Use of computers and the Internet by the child's mother and father are used as instrumental variables. These variables should affect computer ownership, but not school enrollment (after controlling for family income, parental education, and parental occupation). The estimates are not sensitive to alternative combinations of instruments and different samples. The results provide evidence that home computers increase the likelihood of staying in school. (Contains 34 references.) (Author/SM)
Descriptors: Access to Computers, Computer Uses in Education, Dropout Prevention, Dropout Research, Enrollment Trends, High School Students, Internet, Secondary Education
University of Chicago, Joint Center for Poverty Research, 1155 E. 60th Street, Chicago, IL 60637. Tel: 773-702-0472; Fax: 773-702-0926; Web site: http://wwww.jcpr.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Joint Center for Poverty Research, IL.