ERIC Number: ED478407
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Mar-9
Reference Count: N/A
Black Suburbanization in Texas Metropolitan Areas and Its Impact on Student Achievement.
Kain, John F.; O'Brien, Daniel M.
Suburban schools are generally of higher quality than the inner city schools that continue to serve a disproportionate share of black children. This study provided significant evidence that school quality, measured by the mean test scores for individual grades/campuses, has a large impact on the achievement of individual students. The analysis used data from the Texas Schools Microdata Panel, a panel database with more than two million students attending Texas public schools between 1990 and 1997. This result was obtained using two kinds of econometric models. In the first, school quality is included as a right side variable in value-added equations in which prior test scores and other socio-economic and program variables are used as control variables in ordinary least squares regressions. In the second, achievement gains are used as the dependent variable in individual fixed effects regressions for children who change schools. In these equations, changes in school quality and other time variant variables are included as right side explanatory variables. The estimates presented in this paper indicate that enabling the average black student to attend schools of average suburban quality rather than average inner city quality would eliminate between 12% and 30% of the current black-white achievement gap. An appendix contains additional data tables. (Contains 18 tables and 16 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Spencer Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Smith Richardson Foundation, Inc., Greensboro, NC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Texas