ERIC Number: ED478341
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2003
Career Education Models. Trends and Issues Alert.
Brown, Bettina Lankard
The evolution of the workplace has required changes in the guidance and counseling practices of career education (CE). Basic elements of CE strategies for enhancing students' career awareness, exploration, and planning are still in place, but contemporary issues such as life-work balance, involuntary career transitions, and mentoring have led to new models that address trends in future careers. The traditional model of CE was designed for workplaces in which vertical movement within a single organization and career longevity were typical. It stressed a series of developmental stages, basic and academic learning, employability skill development, and lifelong learning. More current CE models are designed for workplaces characterized by interorganizational mobility, flexible work arrangements, teamwork, technology, and international relationships. Newer models include the following: (1) the "new careering," which advocates a theory of life as career; (2) the "integrated theory and practice" model, which stresses integration between school-, employer-, and residential-based models developed around lifelong learning needs; and (3) the "Intelligent Career" model, which stresses the importance of knowing how, why, and who when addressing ways to enhance career preparation. The new models are "boundaryless" in that career development can take place through lateral and horizontal, as well as vertical, movement. (An annotated bibliography listing 12 publications and 5 World Wide Web sites constitutes approximately 75% of this document.) (MO)
Descriptors: Annotated Bibliographies, Career Development, Career Education, Career Guidance, Career Ladders, Career Planning, Developmental Stages, Education Work Relationship, Employment Potential, Employment Practices, Family Work Relationship, Flexible Working Hours, Futures (of Society), Horizontal Organization, Lifelong Learning, Occupational Mobility, Skill Development, Teaching Models, Vertical Organization, Work Environment
For full text: http://www.ericacve.org/pubs.asp.
Publication Type: ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, Columbus, OH.