ERIC Number: ED478269
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002
High Stakes Accountability in Urban Elementary Schools: Challenging or Reproducing Inequality? Institute for Policy Research Working Paper.
Diamond, John B.; Spillane, James P.
In this paper, the authors use data from interviews and observations in four urban elementary schools, two high and two low performing, to examine how schools respond to high stakes accountability policies. The authors argue that school responses to high stakes accountability depend on school context. In low performing schools, responses focus narrowly on complying with policy demands, focusing on improving the performance of certain students, within benchmark grades, and in certain subject areas. In contrast, higher performing schools emphasize enhancing the performance of all students regardless of grade level and across all subject areas. Given the concentration of poor students and students of color in the lowest performing schools, the authors conclude that issues of educational equity need to be given careful consideration in the implementation of high stakes accountability policies. (Contains 103 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Accountability, Black Students, Elementary Education, High Stakes Tests, Low Achievement, Low Income Groups, Minority Groups, Socioeconomic Status, Student Evaluation, Urban Schools
Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University, 2040 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208-4100. Tel: 847-491-3395; Fax: 847-491-9916; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.northwestern.edu/IPR.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Policymakers; Practitioners
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA.; Spencer Foundation, Chicago, IL.
Authoring Institution: Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL. Inst. for Policy Research.
Note: Work on this paper was supported by the Distributed Leadeship Project.