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ERIC Number: ED478206
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Mar
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Differential Performance by Gender in Foreign Language Testing.
Lin, Jie; Wu, Fenglan
Understanding and accounting for gender performance differences on high stakes examinations has become a particular concern for educational researchers to ensure test fairness for all examinees. In the context of second/foreign language proficiency testing, research suggests that males and females do not react differently at the item level. However, as R. Nandakumar (1993) suggested, items with small but systematic differential item functioning (DIF) may very often go statistically unnoticed, but when combined, they may be detected at the bundle level. Thus a study of differential bundle functioning (DBF) becomes necessary in order to understand more fully the influence of gender on test performance, especially when important, although perhaps subtle, secondary dimensions associated with different testlets have been found in the Test of English as a Foreign Language. In this study of the English Proficiency Test in China, the computer program SIBTEST was used for DIF/DBF analyses and DIMTEST for dimensionality testing. Subjects were 3,160 males and 1,299 females. The results indicate that although the English Proficiency Test did not demonstrate much gender DIF, the SIBTEST and DIMTEST analyses identified and confirmed the presence of the bundle of listening comprehension obviously favoring females and the bundles of grammar and vocabulary and close favoring males slightly. (Contains 3 tables, 2 figures, and 24 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: English Proficiency Test