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ERIC Number: ED478158
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Education in a Global Era: Exploring the Impact of Global Economic Exchanges on Mexican Education.
Hampton, Elaine
A study examined the changes created in Mexican education resulting from the North American Free Trade Agreement and the hundreds of foreign (mostly U.S.) manufacturing operations, or maquiladoras, benefitting from the agreement. Interview data from 100 Mexicans and 25 schools indicate that the maquiladoras provide jobs for people who had none, but do not provide enough income to move a family over the poverty line. The rapid population shift caused by the arrival of the maquiladoras taxed the Mexican government's ability to provide schools needed by the growing communities. Aside from infrastructure issues, curriculum decisions dominated by market economies have swung education's purpose toward maintaining a large work force and away from valuing all citizens' rights to quality education and their rights to question and change existing structures. As part of a World Bank-funded initiative focusing on technical education, Mexican secondary schools were required to eliminate general education courses and replace them with technology and accounting courses. These curricula, that are funded and partially written by businesses, do not teach students critical thinking or prepare them for college. Industries are not interested in Mexican children's knowledge of history, geography, civics, or natural sciences. Students who wish to advance their education must pay to take additional courses to prepare them for postsecondary education. Global trade systems have obstructed long-term progress in Latin America and robbed these countries of their ability to negotiate at the international level. (TD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Mexico
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: North American Free Trade Agreement