ERIC Number: ED478051
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Women, Politics, and Organizational Leadership in Ecuador and Colombia.
Biles, Robert E.
In Latin America and the industrialized nations of North America and Europe, the traditionally small impact of women on politics is gradually changing. Five avenues for women to achieve positions of leadership and political impact are: (1) government positions, (2) political parties, (3) women's organizations, (4) other organizations, and (5) the business sector. A study examined women's leadership in political parties, women's organizations, and other organizations in two traditional Latin American societies, Ecuador and Colombia. It draws heavily on surveys conducted previously by the author in Ecuador and Colombia. During the 1993-94 academic year, in-person interviews with a national urban sample of Ecuadorian women (n=120) involved in politics and similar samples of women (n=70) in business and the professions and of male (n=70) political leaders. During 1984-85, a sample of Colombian women (n=121) political leaders was questioned, followed by a sample of male political leaders (n=82) in 1987. Survey results suggest that while group action by women is possible, there are serious obstacles reducing the likelihood of success. For example, respondents felt that many women were indifferent to women's political success. In much of Latin America, women's (particularly feminist) organizations are frequently denigrated by both male and female leaders. Findings suggest that opportunities for women to lead are slowly increasing but are still at a low level. The anomaly is that women are far more likely to hold major decision-making roles in Colombia than in Ecuador, but women leaders in Ecuador show more concern for the problems of other women. (Contains 25 references and 8 tables.) (BT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.; Sam Houston State Univ., Huntsville, TX.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Colombia; Ecuador