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ERIC Number: ED477923
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Apr
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Early Adolescent Cross-Gender Friendship Influences on Substance Use Expectations and Behaviors.
Malow-Iroff, Micheline
This report details the results of a project that sought to understand the relationship between cross-gender friendships in early adolescence and substance use expectancies and behaviors. The data for this investigation came from a longitudinal investigation known as the Teen Attitude Survey which began in the fall of 1997 and tracked a sample of sixth, seventh, and eighth grade students in New York City and an urban area of Massachusetts. As the survey was quite extensive, the questions important to this enquiry were separated and coded. Each student's friendship patterns were analyzed as to whether they were involved in a reported same-gender or cross-gender best friendship. Next, the student's beliefs and use of cigarettes and alcohol were investigated. Then, the student's perception of their best friends' attitudes toward cigarettes and alcohol was analyzed. Finally, a comparison was made across the two best friendship categories to do a preliminary investigation of differences in attitudes and use of the substances under investigation. Results from the investigation indicate that early adolescents who select cross-gender best friends put themselves at significant risk for initiation into early substance use. An appendix contains the questionnaire items used in data analysis. (Contains 19 references and 6 tables.) (GCP)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A