ERIC Number: ED477663
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002-Oct
The Other 80% of Their Time: The Experiences of Elementary and Middle School Students with Disabilities in Their Nonschool Hours. SEELS (Special Education Elementary Longitudinal Study).
Wagner, Mary; Cadwallader, Tom W.; Newman, Lynn; Garza, Nicolle; Blackorby, Jose
Using data from the Special Education Elementary Longitudinal Study that included 11,512 students (ages 6-12), this study explored the activities that students with disabilities engage in for the 80% of waking hours that they are not in school. The study focuses on three aspects of their nonschool experiences: family supports for education at home; interactions with friends; and participation in extracurricular activities. Findings indicate: (1) a majority of students received a high degree of support for education at home, with 90% reporting conversations with family members about school regularly; (2) poorer students were subject to lower expectations for educational attainment and were less likely to engage in regular conversations about school at home; (3) 90% of students met with friends away from school at least "occasionally" and received invitations to a friend's social event; (4) students with learning disabilities or speech/language, hearing, or other health impairments tended to be the most socially active, while students with autism, traumatic head injuries, multiple disabilities, and deaf-blindness had less frequent contacts with friends; and (5) three-fourths of the students were participating in extracurricular activities and programs through which they could explore interests, learn skills, and develop friendships. (Contains 83 references.) (CR)
Descriptors: Disabilities, Educational Attainment, Elementary Education, Extracurricular Activities, Family Life, Friendship, Parent Attitudes, Parent Student Relationship, Predictor Variables, Severity (of Disability), Social Development, Socioeconomic Influences, Student Participation
For full text: http://www.seels.net/designdocs/Wave_1_components_1-7.pdf
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: SRI International, Menlo Park, CA.
Note: Written with Anne-Marie Guzman.