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ERIC Number: ED477474
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Jun
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1478-6788
Meeting the Needs of Children from Birth to Three: Research Evidence and Implications for Out-of-Home Provision. Insight.
Stephen, Christine; Dunlop, Aline-Wendy; Trevarthen, Colwyn
Based on a review of 30 years of academic research on infant and toddler development, this report describes patterns of child development from birth to 3 years of age and examines the implications for Scottish out-of-home care. Developmental patterns are described for the following age groups: birth to 3 months, 3 to 12 months, 1 to 2 years, and 2 to 3 years. For each age group, requirements for out-of-home care are delineated, focusing on the consistency and quality of relationships, provisions for mixed-age and same-age play opportunities, and the importance of meeting needs for progression in relationships and activities. Contributions of out-of-home care when children have special needs are considered. Research findings on the effects of quality child care for infants and toddlers are summarized, noting that in a multicultural society, child care can play a central role in cultural transmission and social inclusion. Research-based characteristics and training desirable for caregivers of infants and toddlers are also delineated. The report concludes with a list of nine suggested sources for further reading. (KB)
Dissemination Officer, Research, Economic and Corporate Strategy Unit, Scottish Executive Education Department, Victoria Quay, Edinburgh EH6 6QQ, Scotland. Tel: 0131-244-0092; Fax: 0131-244-5581; e-mail:; Web site: For full text:
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Scottish Executive Education Dept., Edinburgh.
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (Scotland)