ERIC Number: ED477474
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Meeting the Needs of Children from Birth to Three: Research Evidence and Implications for Out-of-Home Provision. Insight.
Stephen, Christine; Dunlop, Aline-Wendy; Trevarthen, Colwyn
Based on a review of 30 years of academic research on infant and toddler development, this report describes patterns of child development from birth to 3 years of age and examines the implications for Scottish out-of-home care. Developmental patterns are described for the following age groups: birth to 3 months, 3 to 12 months, 1 to 2 years, and 2 to 3 years. For each age group, requirements for out-of-home care are delineated, focusing on the consistency and quality of relationships, provisions for mixed-age and same-age play opportunities, and the importance of meeting needs for progression in relationships and activities. Contributions of out-of-home care when children have special needs are considered. Research findings on the effects of quality child care for infants and toddlers are summarized, noting that in a multicultural society, child care can play a central role in cultural transmission and social inclusion. Research-based characteristics and training desirable for caregivers of infants and toddlers are also delineated. The report concludes with a list of nine suggested sources for further reading. (KB)
Descriptors: Caregiver Child Relationship, Caregiver Training, Child Care, Child Caregivers, Child Development, Developmentally Appropriate Practices, Foreign Countries, Infants, Toddlers
Dissemination Officer, Research, Economic and Corporate Strategy Unit, Scottish Executive Education Department, Victoria Quay, Edinburgh EH6 6QQ, Scotland. Tel: 0131-244-0092; Fax: 0131-244-5581; e-mail: Colin.firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.scotland.gov.uk. For full text: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/library5/social/ins6-00.asp.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Authoring Institution: Scottish Executive Education Dept., Edinburgh.
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (Scotland)