ERIC Number: ED477431
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Integrating Policies and Systems for Early Childhood Education and Care: The Case of the Republic of Korea. Early Childhood and Family Policy Series.
Na, Jung; Moon, Mugyeong
Noting that young children in the Republic of Korea have received institutional education and care for more than 100 years, this report provides an in-depth analysis of Korea's reform of its early childhood education and care (ECEC) system. The analysis focuses on how ECEC has evolved, the current system, why Korea has attempted to reform the system, efforts that have been made in the reform process, and the reasons for the lack of success of the reform. The reform began with the key idea that national administrative systems be organized by age group, so that the Ministry of Education would take charge of care and education for 3- to 5-year-olds and the Ministry of Health and Welfare would be responsible for the care of children under 3 years rather than its current situation in which the Ministry of Education serves 3- to 5-year-olds and the Ministry of Health and Welfare provides childcare services from birth to age 5. The report notes that although the reform of the Korean ECEC system has not been successful, there has been some impact, including increasingly integrated kindergarten and childcare services, strengthened cooperation and greater influence among ECEC associations, increased parental participation and concern, and increased research on the ECEC system. The report concludes by pointing out that the main reasons ECEC system reform failed were: (1) the inability to reach consensus among scholars, those involved in kindergarten and childcare facilities, and public organizations regarding the concept of education and care; and (2) the authority-centered attitudes of government officials. (Contains 19 references.) (KB)
Descriptors: Change Agents, Change Strategies, Child Care, Delivery Systems, Early Childhood Education, Educational Change, Educational History, Foreign Countries, Policy Analysis, Program Descriptions, Public Policy
Early Childhood and Family Education Section, ED/BAS/ECF, UNESCO, 7 Place de Fontenoy, 75352 Paris 07 SP, France. Tel: +33-1-45-68-22-22; Fax: +33-1-45-68-57-37; Web site: http://www.unesco.org/publishing. For full text: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/ulis/cgi-bin/ulis.pl?database=get&set=3EEDE174_3_175&hits_rec=18hits_Ing=eng.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Early Childhood and Family Education Unit.
Identifiers - Location: South Korea