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ERIC Number: ED477419
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Feb
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Influence of English as a Social Marker in a Migrant Community.
Matus-Mendoza, Mariadelaluz
Moroleon, Guanajuato (Mexico), is an industrial city on the Mexican Plateau. People from the surrounding hamlets known as rancherias frequently seek employment in the city. However, many men with low levels of education travel to Kennett Square, Pennsylvania, to work on mushroom farms. A study explored the use of English in these two communities. Eighty-three interviews were conducted in Moroleon and in Kennett Square. Findings indicate that the use of English operates as a social marker. Migrants returning to Moroleon use it to impress those who have not migrated to the United States. Their interaction with the rest of the population creates a mixture of admiration, rejection, and envy among members of the Moroleon community. The youngest generation, those with only an elementary level of education, and people who moved from the rancheria to the city favor this social marker. These speakers incorporate lexical loans in their speech in spite of their limited knowledge of English. They mainly transfer nouns and verbs that are content lexical loans. They also include a functional word, the interjection "oh si." The use of English in Spanish decreases with increasing social status. Professionals in the higher ranks of society do not use English in their speech although some of them are former migrant workers. They do not seem to need the validation that being a migrant might provide among persons with lower levels of education. (Contains 25 references) (TD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Mexico; Pennsylvania