ERIC Number: ED477387
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
When Work Takes Flight: Research Results from the EMERGENCE Project. IES Report.
Huws, U., Ed.
The EMERGENCE project reviewed literature on eWork characterization, extent, and distribution and dynamics of its development in 15 European Union (EU) countries and 3 newly associated states (NAS). It identified 12 factors that influenced international diffusion of eWork. Employer survey results showed individual forms of eWork were outweighed in importance by collective forms--groups of workers at a remote office-type location linked to the employer. A model was developed to estimate eWork across the EU and forecast growth. Survey results showed the following: (1) outsourcing eWork primarily involved relocations in Europe; (2) eServices' selling points were technical expertise and low cost; and (3) trends in corporate restructuring were spatial concentration of activities to yield economies of scale, activities' expansion and decentralization to tap remote labor markets or capitalize on wage differentials, and access to knowledge through cooperation over distance. Small and medium-sized enterprises captured important segments of the remote business services market, especially software development and creative work. Distinct European paths to an information society were identified, including high-tech, highly developed social democratic; "corporatist," with more hierarchical occupation-based welfare systems; neo-liberal, using eWork to encourage external forms of flexibility; southern Europe with high use of eOutsourcing mostly within national borders; and NAS with extremely high levels of eOutsourcing, mostly outside national borders. (Appendixes include logistic models of eWork and eSupply and 128-item bibliography.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Business, Computer Mediated Communication, Corporations, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Electronic Equipment, Electronic Text, Foreign Countries, Geographic Location, Industrial Structure, Information Services, Information Technology, International Trade, Occupational Mobility, Organizational Change, Organizational Development, Satellite Facilities, Small Businesses, Technology Transfer, Teleworking
Grantham Book Services, Ltd., Isaac Newton Way, Alma Park Industrial Estate, Grantham NG31 9SD, United Kingdom (40 British pounds (paper); 10 British pounds (pdf); free to members). Web site: http://www.employment-studies.co.uk.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Sussex Univ., Brighton (England). Inst. for Employment Studies.
Identifiers - Location: Europe; European Union