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ERIC Number: ED477387
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Apr
Pages: 163
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-1-85184-325-6
When Work Takes Flight: Research Results from the EMERGENCE Project. IES Report.
Huws, U., Ed.
The EMERGENCE project reviewed literature on eWork characterization, extent, and distribution and dynamics of its development in 15 European Union (EU) countries and 3 newly associated states (NAS). It identified 12 factors that influenced international diffusion of eWork. Employer survey results showed individual forms of eWork were outweighed in importance by collective forms--groups of workers at a remote office-type location linked to the employer. A model was developed to estimate eWork across the EU and forecast growth. Survey results showed the following: (1) outsourcing eWork primarily involved relocations in Europe; (2) eServices' selling points were technical expertise and low cost; and (3) trends in corporate restructuring were spatial concentration of activities to yield economies of scale, activities' expansion and decentralization to tap remote labor markets or capitalize on wage differentials, and access to knowledge through cooperation over distance. Small and medium-sized enterprises captured important segments of the remote business services market, especially software development and creative work. Distinct European paths to an information society were identified, including high-tech, highly developed social democratic; "corporatist," with more hierarchical occupation-based welfare systems; neo-liberal, using eWork to encourage external forms of flexibility; southern Europe with high use of eOutsourcing mostly within national borders; and NAS with extremely high levels of eOutsourcing, mostly outside national borders. (Appendixes include logistic models of eWork and eSupply and 128-item bibliography.) (YLB)
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Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Sussex Univ., Brighton (England). Inst. for Employment Studies.
Identifiers - Location: Europe; European Union