ERIC Number: ED477361
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-May-8
Reference Count: N/A
Title I: Characteristics of Tests Will Influence Expenses. Information Sharing Will Help States Realize Efficiencies.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.
Under a Congressional mandate, the General Accounting Office (GAO) studied the costs of implementing tests that will be required under the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLBA) and the reauthorization of the Title I program. In passing the legislation, Congress increased the frequency with which states are to measure student achievement in mathematics and reading and added science as another subject. Congress also authorized funding to support state efforts to develop and implement tests for this purpose. Using data from many sources, GAO determined the characteristics of states' Title I tests and made estimates of what states may spend to implement the required tests. The study also identified factors that explain the variation in expenses among states. The study found that the majority of states do administer statewide tests and customize questions to measure student learning against state standards. The report contains three estimates of total expenditures between fiscal year 2002 and 2008, based on different assumptions about the types of test questions states may choose to implement and how they are scored. If all states use tests with multiple-choice questions that are machine scored, GAO estimates that total state expenditures will be about $1.9 billion. Increasing the amount of hand scoring required is estimated to increase testing expenses. Given that significant expenses may be associated with testing, GAO is recommending that the Department of Education facilitate the sharing of information on states' experiences in attempting to reduce expenses. Eight appendixes contain supplemental information and summaries of reporting requirements under the NCBLA. (Contains 13 tables and 7 figures.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Cost Estimates, Elementary Secondary Education, Expenditures, Federal Legislation, Information Dissemination, Scoring, State Programs, Test Construction, Test Use
For full text: http://www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?GAO-03-389.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title I; No Child Left Behind Act 2001