ERIC Number: ED477135
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
The National Cross-Site Evaluation of High-Risk Youth Programs: Making Prevention Effective for Adolescent Boys and Girls: Gender Differences in Substance Use and Prevention. Monograph Series.
Springer, J. Fred; Sambrano, Soledad; Sale, Elizabeth; Kasim, Rafa; Hermann, Jack
This document summarizes findings from the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention's National Cross-Site Evaluation of High-Risk Youth Programs, which identified characteristics associated with strong substance abuse prevention outcomes in 48 prevention programs. Results indicate that overall, boys and girls respond to prevention differently. Boys experience significant reduction in substance use rates relative to comparison youth in the short run. Benefits for girls emerge later and endure throughout time. Well-designed and implemented prevention programs using multiple science-based components produce positive and lasting reductions in rates of substance use for both high-risk girls and boys relative to comparison youth. However, programs that emphasize behavioral life skills topics are particularly important for girls. Interactive delivery methods are particularly important for boys. Programs for girls only are no more effective in reducing substance use rates for girls than mixed-gender programs. Girls report more family supervision than boys, which may reduce opportunities to use substances. Use by adolescent boys is more strongly related to neighborhood and social environments that may increase the opportunity to use. Connectedness to family and to school are important protective factors for both sexes. (Contains 25 references and 19 figures.) (SM)
Descriptors: Adolescents, At Risk Persons, Children, Community Involvement, Family Influence, Peer Influence, Program Effectiveness, Resistance to Temptation, Sex Differences, Substance Abuse, Youth Programs
National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information, P.O. Box 2345, Rockville, MD 20847-2345. Tel: 301-468-2600; Tel: 800-729-6686 (Toll Free); Web site: http://www.samhsa.gov.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD. Center for Substance Abuse Prevention.